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Doing Business in Germany

Culture influences language and language, in turn, influences culture. This happens in ways both obvious and almost imperceptible. TJC Global understands that being fluent in a language also means being fluent in the subtleties and intricacies of the culture and business etiquette associated with it. To ensure that no embarrassing misunderstandings occur in a professional context, all our translators and interpreters are experts in the business culture and etiquette associated with the languages they work with.

If you require translation or interpreting assistance of any kind in Germany or anywhere else, please use the FREE QUOTE SYSTEM on the right-hand side of the page or contact us.

General Etiquette  

Meetings tend to be formal, with a brief and firm handshake to everyone in the room. Titles denote repsect, and as such are extremely important - you should wait until advised before using an acquaintance's first name, using instead their surname and the appropriate title - for example Herr or Frau. Gifts such as yellow roses or wine are always well received, although you should be careful to select imported bottles, for example from France or Italy. If invited to someone's house you should aim to be on time, and always contact them if you are going to be more than fifteen minutes late. Cutlery is used in the Continental tradition, and common toasts include, for wine: Zum Wohl!, and for beer: Prost! both of which must be said while holding eye-contact with the other person. It is also considered very impolite to begin eating before everyone is ready and it is common practice to begin a meal by saying: Guten Appetit! (the equivalent of the French: Bon Appetit) - 'enjoy your meal!'. A handwritten note the next day addressed to the hostess thanking them is appropriate in most instances.

Click here for more information about our German Language Services.

Business Etiquette

Germans display great reverence before people of authority, and always take into account the qualifications and expertise of the person they are dealing with. There is no open-door policy in offices, you should knock and wait to be invited to enter. Communication is formal and often direct to the point of bluntness to someone not used to dealing with business in this way. Like many other European languages, there is both an informal and a formal means of address in the second person. The word for 'You' is informally 'Du' but in a business context (and as a means of showing respect in any context), the more formal 'Sie' is used to address another person. This pronoun also changes the way the verb is conjugated and can be confusing for new speakers of German. This rule must be observed until one person invites the other to be 'per Du' or to 'mich duzen' - to call them 'Du' instead. This shift also signifies being on a first name basis with someone - but you should still refer to this person by their last name when speaking to others.

There is an emphasis on written forms of communication, as a way of both communicating information and also providing a record of business negotiations.

Business Meetings

Appointments are essential and should be made well in advance, and punctuality is taken incredibly seriously. It is polite to maintain eye contact and respect the level of formality initiated by the person you are having the meeting with - it will often take a few introductory appointments to get to know the person. Meetings keep to very strict agenda, with specified start and end times. Remember that business is hierarchical, with key decisions made by the people at the top of the company. Decisions will be laid out and you will be expected to follow the next stages of negotiations to the letter, adhering to the formality always implicit in German business. It is custom at the end of meetings for some people to tap their knuckles on the tabletop, and the highest ranked person enters and leaves the room first, with men entering and leaving before women.

Business Dress

Business dress is not flashy, it should be understated, formal and always appropriate.
For men, dark coloured business suits are best, and for women either business suits or conservative dresses.

What form/s of interpretation can TJC Global provide?

Video / videoconference interpreting is a practical
alternative to meetings and presentations that cannot be held in person. Like telephone conferencing, virtual meetings or video remote conferencing enables participation in presentations and conferences by people located anywhere in the world. In addition to this, video conferencing allows attendees to see one another, as well as share visual aids such as documents and PowerPoint presentations.

By participating in your video conference, our professionally qualified interpreters can interpret remotely to facilitate smooth communication between all parties, in whichever language pairing you require.


Telephone / teleconference interpreting is a practical way to bridge any language barriers. The interpreter is either located remotely (away from either party) or is with one of the parties. In both cases they deliver interpreting services through telephone conferencing. 

Telephone interpretation is useful for clients who cannot travel to their counterparts' country, but still wish, for example, to hold business discussions or to communicate progress updates.  At TJC Global, we are very happy to provide you with professionally qualified interpreters around the world in almost any selected language combinations.

Simultaneous interpreting (also available with Video Remote Interpretation (VRI))

is used for international conferences, critical business discussions, seminars & symposiums. In this case, there are usually two to three interpreters situated in a booth, away from the audience, who take turns to interpret at high speed, changing over every 15-20 minutes to avoid fatigue.

The interpreters use headsets to listen to the message of the speaker and repeat it immediately (practically "simultaneously") in the target language for the benefit of relevant audience members.

Consecutive interpreting (also available with Video Remote Interpretation (VRI)) is the most common type of interpreting. It is used for business discussions, negotiations, contract exchanges, commercial, legal, technical discussions, medical or court hearings or on site inspections. The interpreter listens to the speaker, often making notes, and delivers the meaning in the target language afterwards. The interpreter may wait until a pause or the end, at which point they deliver a translation relatively quickly. Consecutive interpreting may also be used at conferences for panel discussions, Q&A sessions or private discussions between parties - at a stand or elsewhere.

Looking for translation or interpreting assistance ?

TJC Global provides specialist interpreting and translation services in a wide array of specialist fields. Whatever your requirement, we can find the right linguist to assist you. If your industry or project-type is not listed here, please contact us directly with your enquiry.

Our language specialists utilise their knowledge of subject-specific terminology to deliver precise, unambiguous translations whatever the context - enabling you to communicate effectively with the rest of the world. We are also able to adapt to almost any type of project.

What to do next?

For a quote for interpretation and translation services, please use the Quick Quote system on the right of the page. 
If you would like more information about our language services, please contact us.


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